Introduction
When calculating the shear Force and the bending moment diagrams for more complex loading
across discontinuities such as concentrated loads and moments. Simple methods are
not enough. For the more complicated cases the use of singularity functions provide
a convenient method.
A singularity function is expressed as
Where
n = any integer (positive or negative) including zero
a = distance on x axis along the beam,from the selected origin, identifying the location of the discontinuity.
Rules in applying singularity functions
If n >0 and the expression inside the angular brackets is positive then
f_{n}(x) = (xa)^{n} the expression is a normal algbraic formula

If n > 0 and the expression inside the angular brackets is negative then f_{n}(x) = 0

If n < 0 then f_{n} = 1 for x = a and f_{n}(x) = 0 otherwise

If n = 0 then f_{n} = 1 for x >= a and f_{n}(x) = 0 otherwise




Unit Singularity Function  Singularity Function as used 












Example of using singularity functions for a simply supported beam
A more complex example of using singularity functions
The requirement is to obtain the Shear load, moment, slope and deflection anywhere along the beam as shown
The equations above can be used to determine the shear load, moment, slope and deflection
for the beam from x = 0 to x = L
