Any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform
or assist in the performance of human tasks..
The Mechanical Advantage of a machine is the ratio of Force being moved W to the Effort F
Mechanical Advantage = W /F
The Velocity Ratio of a machine is the ratio of the distance moved by the Effort and the distance moved by the Force being overcome.
Velocity Ratio = Distance moved by Effort/ Distance moved by force
In the ideal frictionless/weightless machine
Velocity Ratio = Mechanical Advantage
The efficiency of a simple machine
Efficiency = Work done by the machine / Work supplied to machine
The only parameter that can be determined from the machines dimensions is the
F = a + b. W
One of the simplest of machines is the inclined plane..
The force Force (F) is the effort required to move the Weight (W) up the slope. A movement of the weight a distance x along the incline will result in a vertical displacement of x Sin(θ)). Assuming that the incline is frictionless the F required to move the weight up the slope = W Sin(θ)).
Velocity ratio = 1 /Sin(θ)
Velocity ratio (Single Wedge) = 1 /Tan(θ)
Velocity Ratio (First Class Lever) = B /A
Wheel and Axle
Velocity ratio = R / r
Velocity ratio = R. 2.p / p
Links to Simple Machines