Engineering Directives Information
Note ..More detailed information is to be found at the links below;
Engineering Directives & Regulations |
To permit the free circulation of goods, as expressed in the Rome Treaty, the founding act of the European Union, the European Commission publishes directives that are common to all the Member States that define the essential requirements to be satisfied by such goods before they are put on the market, or during the probable period of their use.. Notes on some of the directives are provided belowThe CE Mark
Products meeting the requirements of all appropriate directives must carry the
The Marking should be affixed to one of the following:
By affixing the CE marking to the equipment a manufacturer is making a statement that his/her equipment meets the requirement of all relevant directives. It is for the manufacturer to decide which directives are applicable.
Machinery Directive (2006/42/EC)
The Machinery Directive came into full force in the U.K. from the 1st January 1995.
Directive 2006/42/EC superseded Directive 98/37/EC on 29 December 2009.
Pressure equipment and assemblies subject to an internal
pressure greater than 0.5 bar. The Regulations therefore
concern manufacturers of items such as shell and water
tube boilers, heat exchangers, vessels, pressurised storage
containers, industrial pipework and accessories.
The Low Voltage Directive (LVD)
The LVD ( 2006/95/EC ) regulates the safety of electrical equipment (including the
non-electrical aspects of safety). It came into force in September 1974, but was
amended by Directive 93/68/EC to make it consistent with the other
CE Marking Directives in the European Union. As a result of this, CE marking for
the safety of electrical equipment became mandatory on 1 January 1997. The amendment
also introduced new documentation requirements. Issue 2006/95/EC is the latest version of this document.
Since 1 January 1996, most electrical and electronic products sold in the EU
must be constructed so that they do not cause excessive electromagnetic interference
and are not duly affected by electromagnetic interference....
( Named after the French "ATmosphere EXplosible" ).
Directive 1999/92/EC (ATEX 137)
This directive gives the minimum requirements for improving the safety and health protection of workers potentially at risk from explosive atmospheres. The employer shall take technical and/or organisational measures appropriate to the nature of the operation and in accordance with the following basic principles, in this order of priority:
To do so, the employer will have to assess the specific risks arising from potential explosive atmospheres.
Hazardous areas should be classified in terms of zones on the basis of the frequency and duration of the occurrence of an explosive atmosphere. For gases and vapours these zones will be 0, 1 and 2. For dusts these zones will be 20, 21 and 22.
To meet the requirements of the directive 1999/92/EC it's necessary to conduct a risk assessment.
ATEX Directive 94/9/EC (ATEX 95)
The directive 94/9/EC gives the requirements of equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres. Its objective is to eliminate or at least minimize the risk resulting from the use of these products. The level of protection depends on the fore mentioned area classification. Manufacturers are under the obligation to design equipment and protective systems from a point of view of integrated explosion safety. This means preventing the formation of explosive atmospheres as well as sources of ignition and, should an explosion nevertheless occur, to halt it immediately and/or limit its effects. To meet the requirements of the directive 94/9/EC it's necessary to conduct a risk assessment and comply with relevant harmonized standards. Phases of this risk assessment are: determination of the intended use (equipment characteristics, product properties, process)
Regulations are law, approved by Parliament. These are usually made under the Health and Safety at Work Act, following proposals from HSC. This applies to regulations based on EC Directives as well as 'home-grown' ones.
PUWER..The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (S.I. No 2932)
The primary objective of PUWER is to ensure the provision of
safe work equipment and its safe use. This has several components
which are inter-linked and complementary. Work equipment should not give rise
to risks to health and safety, irrespective of its age place or origin.
LOLER... The Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998
"LOLER" are a new set of regulations which came into effect on the 5th of December 1998 and replace all previous regulations on lifting equipment many of which contained differing requirements and definitions and were specific to certain industries. These have now been brought together under one document applicable to all. The regulations apply to :-
CDM...Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007:
The CDM Regulations are aimed at improving the overall management and co-ordination
of health, safety and welfare throughout all stages of a construction project to
reduce the large numbers of serious and fatal accidents and cases of ill health
which occur every year in the construction industry.
The Noise at Work Regulations 2005
The Noise at Work Regulations came into force in 1990 and they aim to protect
workers from the risk of hearing damage due to excessive noise.
Using hazardous substances can put people's health at risk. COSHH requires employers to control exposures to hazardous substances to protect both employees and others who may be exposed from work activities.Hazardous Substances
Hazardous substances are anything that can harm your health when you work with them if they are not properly controlled eg by using adequate ventilation. They are found in nearly all work places eg factories, shops, mines, farms and offices.
- MachineBuilding.net . has published a free Guide to the New Machinery Directive ...
- Pressure equipment directive ..Information on and access to the PED
- HS -compliance -Safey of Machinery EU ..Machinery Directive Download Page ...
- Conformance- Machinery Directive ... A site Providing information on the various Directives. ...The Official Home site of the Health and Safety Executive
- Dep of Business Inovation and skills ...Government Site
- HSE.Gov.UK ...health and Safety Executive webpage
- HSE Noise at work regulation (guidance leaflet) ...An introduction to the Noise a Work Regualtions
- Health Directive COSSH Regulations...An Essential Guide to COSHH
- HSE ATEX...ATEX Regulations and related regulations
- HSE CDM Regulations...Information and access to CMD regulations
Links Providing information on European Directives and Regulations